Capital Gain: A Detailed Explanation

Capital Gain: A Detailed Explanation
Nakla Team
Fintech Group
Feb 21, 2023
Mins Read
Last Updated
Mar 17, 2023
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It is essential to create a financial portfolio if you are working as an investor in coordination with your financial objectives and risk tolerance. It is also essential to have a detailed understanding of the market. This necessitates familiarity with fundamental concepts, such as what capital gain is. Continue reading to learn more about capital gain, an essential subject for all investors.

What is a Capital Gain?

The rise in the worth of a financial asset once it is traded is referred to as a capital gain. Simply put, a capital income happens when you sell an item for far more than you purchased. Almost every item you hold is a capital asset, whether it's an investment (such as a share, debt, or property investment) or maybe something you bought for private consumption (like furniture or a boat). 

You earn capital gains whenever you sell the property by deducting the initial purchase price from the sale price. In some cases, the Internal Revenue Service taxes people on capital gains. As previously stated, capital gains are the growth in the price of an item. 

These profits are often earned when the asset is sold. Because of their intrinsic price fluctuations, capital gains are commonly connected with assets such as stocks and bonds.

They can, however, be realized on any security or item traded for a cost more than the initial purchase price, such as property, furnishings, or a car. Capital gains are classified into two types:

  • Short-term capital gains are the ones realized on commodities traded after a year or less of ownership.
  • Long-term capital gains are realized on items sold after more than a year of ownership.

How are capital gains calculated?

The computation of Capital Gains varies based on how long the asset has been owned. Some of the most significant factors to remember while computing capital gains are as follows:

Cost of Improvement:

If the vendor has paid any expenditures due to any renovations or modifications made to the property. Any enhancements performed prior to April 1, 2001, however, are ineligible.

Acquisition Price:

The chunk of cash paid by the seller to purchase the property.

Complete Value Consideration:

This is done by the sum of cash received by the seller in return for the transfer of property. Even though the funds were not obtained during that year, capital gains are taxed from the year the deal was done.

In some circumstances, when the capital asset is indeed the taxpayer's ownership, the acquisition and upgrade costs of the prior owner will be included.

Calculation of Long Term Gains:

The following is the technique for calculating long-term capital gains:

  • First, the person must evaluate the asset's whole worth.
  • Following that, the person must make the following deductions:
  • The expenditures incurred as a result of the transfer.
  • The total sum of money spent on the procurement.
  • The amount of money spent on development.
  • The individual must remove any exclusions allowed under Sections 54B, 54F, 54EC, and 54 from the number computed following the above processes.

Calculation of Short term gains

Clients must follow the technique outlined below to compute short-term capital gains:

  • First, the person must analyze the property's total value.
  • Following that, the following points must be deducted:
  • Expenses incurred in the course of improving the property.
  • The costs associated with obtaining the property.
  • Any expenditures spent as a result of the property transfer.
  • The short-term capital gain is the amount determined after the deduction.

The formula for calculating short-term capital gain is the entire value assessment less the transfer charges minus the cost of developing and purchasing the property.

Is Capital gain taxable?

Capital gains are taxed at the usual income tax or Zakat rate, whichever is applicable. Capital gains created through the sale of shares in Saudi stock firms listed on the Saudi market, on the other hand, are tax-free, subject to specific restrictions.

A foreign shareholder must pay a capital gains tax of 20% on the sale of shares in a domestic corporation. Capital gains on the sale of stocks sold on a foreign stock exchange are excluded from capital gains tax if the securities are also sold on the Saudi Stock Exchange, regardless of whether the disposition was effected through a stock market or another method.

The movement of resources between group firms results in no gains or losses if the businesses are entirely held explicitly or implicitly inside the group, and the goods are not disposed of outside the unit for at least 2 years from the date of transfer.

Capital gains are basically the earnings from the trade of a capital asset like the shares of stock, an organization, or a work of creativity. They are commonly included in taxable revenue but are taxed at a minimal rate in several cases. 

How can I avoid capital gains tax?

When selling a home, there are various strategies to avoid paying taxes. If you employ the whole gain from the purchase to buy another property within two years or build one within three years, there is no tax to pay. Even if you acquired another residence a year before disposing of the first, the two- and three-year periods still apply. However, the estate should have been purchased in the vendor's name.

The rest is subject to long-term capital gains tax if the whole capital gain is not reinvested. Nevertheless, if the newer house is sold within three years of acquisition or development, the whole tax-exempt status will be overturned. In this situation, the total capital gain from the previous property sale will be deemed short-term profits and taxed at the standard slab rates.

Besides that, sellers can set off any long-term capital gains from the sale of the property against other long-term damage from the sale of other assets. These might be deficits carried over from the previous eight years or losses acquired in the same year. Nevertheless, the only way to avoid tax on short-term capital gains is to offset them against every short-term impairment from the disposal of other investments such as shares, metals, or other property.


Capital gains are earnings obtained through the sale of an investment, like equities, securities, or property investments. Capital gains taxes are less than traditional income taxes, giving investors an edge over wage earners. Furthermore, capital losses might occasionally be subtracted from one's overall tax payment. For such reasons, an investor might benefit significantly from a good grasp of capital gains taxes.


Can you reinvest to avoid capital gains?

If you keep your mutual funds or shares in a pension plan, any capital gains are not taxed, so you can reinvest them tax-free in the same account. You may accumulate wealth quicker in a taxable account by reinvesting and purchasing additional assets that you are expected to appreciate.

Do you need to pay capital gains tax every year?

Most assets are subject to capital gains taxes if they have been kept for a minimum of one year. A Schedule D application is used to report taxes. The capital gains tax rate is either 0%, 15%, or 20%, based on your tax liability for the year. High-income earners pay extra.

What happens if you don't pay capital gains tax?

The IRS has the right to levy financial penalties for your carelessness, and they frequently do so. They can pursue criminal indictment if they can show that the behavior was deliberate, dishonest, or intended to dodge payment of legitimate taxes.

At what age do you require to pay capital gains?

The current tax rules do not permit you to claim a capital gains tax deduction depending on your age. The IRS used to give persons over the age of 55 a tax break on house transactions. This exclusion, however, was eliminated in 1997 in favor of the broader exemption for all homeowners. Aside from that, only retirement accounts provide age-related tax advantages.

Nakla Team
Nakla Team

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