Explore Different Types of ETFs for Your Investments

Explore Different Types of ETFs for Your Investments
Nakla Team
Fintech Group
Feb 14, 2023
Mins Read
Last Updated
Feb 14, 2023
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Types of ETFs are gaining immense popularity in today's competitive market. All thanks to the ingenious investment variations that it offers to the public. This, in turn, gives them adaptability and diversity to invest in a bunch of securities that are sections of an index of a stock exchange. The trading worth at which these exchange-traded funds are traded highly depends on the fund's market performance. 

Here, we will talk in-depth about the different types of ETFs. So, without any delay, let's get started. 

Different types of ETFs

ETFs are classified into several varieties, each with a distinct investing objective. Let's check out the most popular ETFs:

Bond ETF:

Bond ETFs are usually created to cover fixed-income assets with varying tenures, such as debentures and government securities. It combines the advantages of debt investing with the versatility and accessibility of stock investments. Govt bonds (G-Secs) and the Nifty Bharat Bond are two instances of debt ETFs.

Bonds are rarely sold in secondary markets since they are typically kept until maturity. Bond ETFs, on the other hand, are frequently traded vehicles.

ETF vendors such as Barclays have launched debt-based ETFs and lucrative bond funds such as the SPDR Capital Long Credit Bond ETF (LWC). This bond product provides investors with bond market options while retaining the advantages of ETFs.

Equity Funds:

The majority of ETFs track equities indices or categories. Some index ETFs replicate an index in its totality. In contrast, others utilize representative sampling, which diverges somewhat by using futures, options, swap contracts, and the acquisition of equities that are not always featured in the index. If the sampling becomes overly aggressive, monitoring mistakes may occur. Any ETF with a tracking error greater than 2% is termed actively managed. Investors should keep an eye on this as ETFs grow increasingly specialized.

ETFs' growth offers investors a low-cost alternative to diversify their holdings. No matter whether you want to invest in a specific chunk of the world's equities, a large industry, or a niche market, you will get an ETF of your choice. Furthermore, whether you choose a small or medium-sized fund, others invest in firms of varying sizes.

You will come across funds for practically every area of interest, with more hitting the market every week. Moreover, there are also those that employ distinct investment techniques, such as worth or expansion investing.

Fixed Income Funds:

Several ETFs deal in debt assets in addition to equities. As you are aware, the key to creating an excellent portfolio is proper asset allocation.

You may be familiar with the interest rates on term deposits given by banks. Public sector banks provide interest rates as low as 5%. It may deter you from putting your money in banks for fear of losing it to inflation.

As a result, fixed-income funds are preferable for investing in debt products. By dealing with them, you can at least keep pace with inflation, if not outperform it.

Dividend ETFs:

These ETFs hold a portfolio of dividend-paying equities. In simple words, they invest in firms that pay out huge dividends. Dividend ETFs can provide not just long-term gain but also a flow of revenue. It should be noted, though, that dividends are sometimes not assured, unlike bond coupon payments. Dividend ETFs allow you to own a basket of dividend-paying equities rather than purchasing them separately.

Specialty Funds:

As the name implies, these funds stand out among their counterparts. They are unique. They are divided into two types: inverse and leveraged funds.

You can make hefty amounts even if stock markets fall. That is precisely what inverse funds do. They engage in futures to profit from a drop in the value of equities. It is analogous to selling a stock short. As a result, you may make the call when the bears beat the bulls.

If you think an inverse fund is exceptional, you'll think a leveraged fund is too. They employ whatever means possible to increase their earnings. To put it simply, they employ leverage strategies such as options trading, short selling, and margin trading to generate enormous gains. They are appropriate for you if you seek great returns without investing a lot of money. However, keep in mind that the danger of loss grows proportionally.

Currency Funds:

Foreign currency exchange-traded funds (ETFs) allow investors to obtain exposure to foreign currencies without executing complicated transactions. Currency ETFs appear to be specific investment vehicles that follow foreign currency in the same way as market ETFs monitor their underlying index.

This form of ETF follows a currency basket in certain situations, providing investors with access to numerous foreign currencies.

Commodity Funds:

Understanding why you should invest in ETFs is essential before trying your hands on them. Primarily, commodities have some price correlation with equities.

According to professionals, smart asset allocation contributes to 90 percent of a portfolio's yield. However, having equities, treasuries, cash, commodities, and property investment in your portfolio is insufficient. You should diversify inside all of those asset types as well.

This is where ETFs come into play. Investors can purchase a commodity ETF, which monitors the price movements of specific commodities such as gold or oil, or a commodity stock ETF, which trades in the ordinary stock of commodity producers. The former has a minimal link with equities, but the latter does. If you already have stocks in your portfolio, a straight commodities ETF may make more sense.


ETFs are the most incredible option for active traders who don't have enough time or resources to review their portfolios regularly. They are also a popular investment option for people like you and me since they combine modest investment with significant returns - a potent mix.


What type of ETF is best?

A dividend ETF is often more reliable than a whole market ETF, and it may be appealing to people searching for income-producing investments, such as seniors. This type of ETF allows investors to acquire solely dividend-paying equities. A dividend ETF is often handled passively, which means it automatically monitors indices of dividend-paying companies. The top dividend ETFs often provide more significant returns at a lower cost.

What is the most popular ETF?

Some of the most popular ETFs that are ruling the stock market are Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO), ProShares UltraPro QQQ, iShares MBS ETF (MBB), Vanguard Dividend Appreciation ETF (VIG), and many more. However, there are many more ETFs that are performing well. All you need to do is conduct thorough research before finalizing any ETFs to make your investment.

Nakla Team
Nakla Team

Nakla team aims to provide their customers with all the latest happenings in the financial market and keep them updated with trending terminologies. We have the resources that help you upgrade your investment game and make your investment journey seamless.